By Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher
An issue of Black and White is the private tale of an Oklahoma lady whose struggle to realize an schooling shaped an important episode within the civil rights move. Born in Chickasha, Oklahoma, of oldsters just one iteration faraway from slavery, Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher turned the plaintiff in a landmark U.S. ultimate courtroom case that laid the basis for the eventual desegregation of faculties (and a lot else) in America.A subject of Black and White resounds with nearly common human themes-childhood, college, neighbors, colleagues, neighborhood, and a love that lasted an entire life.
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Additional info for A Matter of Black and White: The Autobiography of Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher
The original definition of "white" and "colored" remained in the constitution, in Article 23: "Wherever in this Constitution and laws of this state, the word or words, 'colored' or 'colored race,' 'negro' or 'negro race,' are used, the same shall be con- Page xiii strued to mean or apply to all persons of African descent. " Racial tension reached its zenith in 1921 in Tulsa. After a young black man named Dick Rowland was accused of assaulting a white woman on an elevator, rumors of a probable lynching circulated wildly.
Chickasha's black population already supported seven or eight small churches, but nearly all of them were aligned with the Baptist or Methodist denominations. Until my father came on the scene, there was no Church of God in Christ there, and my father likely saw the opportunity to build one. In the nature of things, his new church would have to be all or nearly all black, since the early Page 15 interracial Pentecostal movement had already split upon the rock of American racism with the breakaway of white believers to form the Assemblies of God in 1914.
She was young in spirit and could relate to many of our concerns and youthful situations. There were two things, however, that she would not tolerate. One was lying. " A simple person, in Mother's eyes, was not necessarily unintelligent, but failed to think critically and use good judgment. The worst thing she could say of anyoneeven one she did not care for at allwas that he or she was simple. When she met up with a liar and a simple person, both were sure to suffer her wrath. One hot day in July when I was five years old, I persuaded Mother to fire up the big wood-burning kitchen stove and bake a large gingerbread.
A Matter of Black and White: The Autobiography of Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher by Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher