By William E. French
The mining growth that begun in northern Mexico within the Nineties set in movement primary social switch. at the one hand it uprooted many staff, and the worries of presidency officers, middle-class, reformers, and corporate managers coalesced into legislation and courses to regulate the stressed lots. yet alterations within the mining economic climate and political tradition additionally triggered type recognition between retailers and artisans in addition to expert and unskilled staff. This examine of the Hidalgo mining district in Chihuahua from the Nineties to the Twenties examines classification formation, particularly its relation to social keep an eye on, well known values, and pre-industrial traditions. In arguing that classification identification stemmed much less from the character of one's paintings than from the ideals one held, this paintings brings jointly the disparate subject matters of ethical financial system of mine employees, new mining expertise, and the administration coverage of mine vendors through the Mexican Revolution.
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Additional resources for A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico
I begin with Page 8 Map 1: Chihuahua by District, 1910 Page 9 the premise that the relationship between work experience and consciousness of class is not a given, but a matter for study, in which preindustrial traditions, popular values, and relationships with other social groups also matter. 8 Such an approach has critics. Charles Bergquist, for one, warns that the insights of the so-called new social and labor history may distort important influences shaping the lives of Latin American workers.
Nettie Lee Benson provided an unsurpassed example of passionate commitment to the study of Mexico. I can think of no one I would rather have had supervise my dissertation than Alan Knight, and I am grateful for his quick responses and insightful comments on my work at that stage. I also thank the staff of the Benson Latin American Collection, an institution that seemed like a home away from home for a number of years. Above all, though, my greatest debt is to those with whom I lived the experience of graduate schoolespecially Frank de la Teja and José Fernández.
The savings resulted from the fact that the actual labor cost in mining with ten machine drills was the equivalent of only sixty men plus the increased cost of coal consumption in running the air drills, which Laird estimated would be the equivalent of forty men per shift. 58 In Hidalgo District, the low quality of the ore provided an added im- Page 25 petus to switch to machine drills. Because the key to treating such ores with cyanide was to extract large amounts, mines in Hidalgo District would only yield a profit if they were worked on a large scale.
A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico by William E. French