By John Considine
This can be the 1st unified historical past of the big, prestigious dictionaries of the 17th and eighteenth centuries, compiled in academies, which got down to glorify dwelling ecu languages. The culture all started with the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca (1612) in Florence and the Dictionnaire de l'Académie françoise (1694) in Paris, and unfold throughout Europe - to Germany, Spain, England, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Russia - within the eighteenth century, enticing scholars of language as diversified as Leibniz, Samuel Johnson, and Catherine the nice. all of the significant academy and academy-style dictionaries of the interval as much as 1800, released and unpublished, are mentioned in one narrative, bridging nationwide and linguistic obstacles, to provide a historical past of lexicography on a eu scale. Like John Considine's Dictionaries in Early glossy Europe (Cambridge collage Press, 2008), this learn treats dictionaries either as actual books and as bold works of the human mind's eye.
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Extra resources for Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800
42 Like Borghini’s work again, Salviati’s Avvertimenti made a case for the organic relationship between the contemporary spoken language of Florence and that of the fourteenth century. Indeed, Salviati urged, the language had deteriorated since the death of Boccaccio, in large part because it had been polluted by an influx of Latinisms. The fourteenth century represented the golden age of a living national language. 44 When lexicographers die, their unfinished dictionary projects often die with them.
The third and fourth editions of the Vocabolario (1691, 1729–1738) In 1691, the Accademia della Crusca produced a third edition of the Vocabolario, in three volumes, with a dedication to Grand Duke Cosimo III displayed with the utmost prominence on the title page. 79 So, to give a non-Galilean example, it registered the word rinoceronte at last: Rinoceronte. Animal di grandezza simile all’elefante, che ha un corno sopra il naso. Lat. Rhinoceros. Ricett. Fior. Nell’infusioni, ec. di corno di rinoceronte fatte in acqua.
Lecture. ’4 Later editions lost the centred headings and distinguished alphabetized headwords from the derivatives which followed them by size of 28 The founding of the Académie françoise 29 type alone, so that, in the 1549 edition, Lire in large type was followed by ‘Legible, ou Lisible … Lecteur … Lecture … Liseur’ in small type. This structure, designed to reveal the derivational processes of the French language, confirms the statement of the title page that this was not simply a dictionary which would enable readers of French to find Latin words.
Academy Dictionaries: 1600-1800 by John Considine