By Eric L. Muller
American Inquisition: the search for eastern American Disloyalty in international struggle II ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ, ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: The college of North Carolina PressАвтор(ы): Eric L. MullerЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2007Количество страниц: 214ISBN: 978-0-8078-3173-1Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 1.25 mb RAPIDили IFOLDER zero
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Additional resources for American Inquisition: The Hunt for Japanese American Disloyalty in World War II
What all of these pressures had in common, however, was their vocabulary: all debate about freedom or conﬁnement for the Nisei became a discussion about Nisei loyalty. As noted earlier, when General DeWitt ordered the exclusion of the Nisei from the West Coast in March of 1942, he had grounded his order on a presumption of Nisei disloyalty. This was also the view of Secretary of War Henry Stimson in May of 1943, more than a full year later. Writing to Dillon Myer about the worrisome ‘‘deterioration in evacuee morale’’ that the camps had recently seen, Stimson attributed the problem to rampant and spreading disloyalty.
Stated more simply, they were to be jailers. ∞∞ Lawyers in the wra’s legal department immediately saw the risk that a successful habeas corpus challenge would torpedo the agency’s work. ’’∞≤ Defeating a habeas challenge was a top wra priority. One way to accomplish that was to design its detention program in a way that would have the greatest chance of surviving judicial review. This was a luxury that wra o≈cials had because the agency was designing its program at the very same moment that its lawyers were worrying about defending it.
In November of 1940, the fbi capped o√ its investigations into security in Hawaii with a lengthy report that depicted the Nisei (and even some Issei) as loyal to the United States. ∂ These, then, were the views of the various investigators and agencies charged with the duty of assessing the loyalty of the Nisei before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The opinions were not entirely uniform, and they did not depict the Nisei as presenting no security risk whatsoever. They did, however, agree that a substantial, even overwhelming, percentage of the Nisei were loyal to the land of their birth, and they agreed that it would be wise for the government to take steps to bolster Nisei loyalty.
American Inquisition: The Hunt for Japanese American Disloyalty in World War II by Eric L. Muller