By Michael Wilkinson
How does the mind keep watch over sexual habit, or keep watch over our bodyweight? How will we take care of pressure? Addressing those questions and lots of extra in addition to, this completely revised new version displays the numerous advances which have been made within the examine of neuroendocrinology during the last 20 years. The textual content examines the significance of the hypothalamus in regulating hormone secretion from the endocrine glands, describing novel websites of hormone unencumber together with bone, center, skeletal muscle and liver. The function of steroid hormone, neurotransmitter and peptide receptors, and the molecular responses of goal tissues, is built-in into the dialogue of the neuroendocrine mind, specifically via alterations in gene expression. specific realization is hooked up to neuropeptides, together with their profound impression on habit. whole with new full-color figures all through, besides evaluate and essay questions for every bankruptcy, this can be an excellent source for undergraduate and graduate scholars of neuroscience, psychology, biology and body structure.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Neuroendocrinology
Some examples of neurotransmitters are glutamate, acetylcholine, dopamine and norepinephrine. Neurotransmitters facilitate communication between nerve cells in the brain, and in the central and autonomic nervous systems (CNS and ANS, respectively) (Chapter 5). The deﬁnition of a neurotransmitter, like that of a hormone, is currently undergoing revisions as new discoveries force a reformulation of many concepts in chemical communication. For example, two unusual but important neurochemical messengers are nitric oxide, a gas, and the so-called endocannabinoids that are endogenous cannabis-like signaling molecules.
F U R T H E R RE A D I N G Widmaier, E. , Raff, H. and Strang, K. T. (2010). Vander’s Human Physiology: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 12th edn. (New York: McGraw-Hill). 1 What is the difference between a prohormone and a phytohormone? 2 What is the difference between a neurohormone and a neurotransmitter? 3 What is a prohormone? 4 Which hormone could be considered a prohormone for estradiol? 5 What is the difference between a “true” hormone and a “pheromone”? 6 Why is a neurohormone different from a “true” hormone?
6; see also Kadmiel and Cidlowski 2013) resulting, for example, in inhibition of growth and reproduction, immunosuppression, insulin resistance (diabetes), and increased deposition of fat. Chronic high levels of glucocorticoids can also damage neurons and lead to neuron death via apoptosis (Charmandari et al. 2). The adrenal cortex also produces small amounts of the sex steroids testosterone and estradiol and the androgen precursor molecules dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione that can be converted to testosterone in other tissues.
An Introduction to Neuroendocrinology by Michael Wilkinson