By Gan Fuxi
The Silk street is a prime artery connecting Europe and Asia for political, not pricey, cultural and technical trade in antiquity, and glass is without doubt one of the earliest synthetic fabrics to be invented. learning the beginning and evolution of old glass alongside the Silk highway is hence major for figuring out the improvement and trade of tradition and expertise among China and abroad.
This booklet, for the 1st time, strains the starting place, evolution and spreading of historical chinese language glass know-how. It collects a wealth of knowledge contributed via chinese language and international specialists concerning the background and history, visible features and chemical compositions of the unearthed old glasses from alongside the Northern (Oasis) Silk street, specifically from the Xinjiang Province (known because the Western sector in old times). The e-book provides new result of the reports on old glasses alongside the Southern and Sea Silk Roads, and discusses the impression of the Silk street on old chinese language glass expertise and paintings.
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Additional info for Ancient Glass Research Along the Silk Road
This implies that the ancient glass-making technique in Inner China may have evolved from the protoporcelain-making technique followed by faience-making, and that their production areas were all along the Yangtze River valley. The glaze on protoporcelain was coated on pottery with glaze paste, and there was no necessity for a container. The most important technical improvement from making glaze to making glass was the use of a container — a refractory crucible needed for melting glass. Nevertheless, the bronze and lead metallurgy originating from the Shang Dynasty (16–12 centuries BC) had created necessary conditions.
3(b), which confirms that the glass inlaid in Yue King Goujian’s sword belongs to the same glass system. We have never seen the same chemical composition system in ancient glasses of Egypt and Babylon. 4. Condition and chemical composition of most early alkali-lime-silicate glasses found in Henan and Hubei. A. Condition of glass samples HB-1 HB-3 HB-6 Name of tomb Unearthing site Description of sample Xujialing Chu tomb No. 1 Jiudian Tomb M533 Zenghou Yi tomb Xichuan, Henan Jiangling, Hubei White eye in blue bead body (frit) Broken blue bead piece Suixian, Hubei Small blue glass piece Date Early Warring States (500–400 BC) Warring States (400–300 BC) Late Spring and Autumn to Warring States (500–400 BC) B.
Lead Barium silicate glass Potash silicate glass * This old map of the Han Dynasty has been adapted from Tan Qixiang’s, Concise Historic Atlas of China, (China Carto Graphic Publishing House, Beijing, 1991), and translated into the English by the author. Also, unearthing sites of ancient Chinese glass have been added to the map by the author. 23 This kind of glass was popular till the Eastern Han Dynasty. The inflow of glass-blowing techniques from the West to Inner China started in the Sui Dynasty (6th century AD), and was recorded in some historical writings, like Beishi-Darouzhi Zhuan (History of the North — Memoir of Great Yen Chin) and BeishiHezhouzhuan (History of the North — Biography of Hezhou).
Ancient Glass Research Along the Silk Road by Gan Fuxi