By T. Douglas Price
Even supposing occupied simply quite in brief within the lengthy span of worldwide prehistory, Scandinavia is a rare laboratory for investigating previous human societies. the world was once basically unoccupied till the tip of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of massive ice sheets left in the back of a clean, barren land floor, which was once ultimately coated through natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric is still of human task in Scandinavia - a lot of it remarkably preserved in its toilets, lakes, and fjords - have given archaeologists a richly particular portrait of the evolution of human society. during this booklet, Doug fee presents an archaeological background of Scandinavia-a land mass comprising the fashionable international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the coming of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the tip of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. built equally to the author's prior ebook, Europe ahead of Rome, historical Scandinavia presents overviews of every prehistoric epoch by way of specific, illustrative examples from the archaeological list. An engrossing and entire photograph emerges of swap around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter - gatherers to giant farming groups to the complicated warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a long time, which culminated within the staggering upward push of the Vikings. the fabric facts of those prior societies - arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock artwork, fantastically wrought weaponry, Viking warships - provide brilliant testimony to the traditional people who as soon as known as domestic this frequently unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable international.
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Extra resources for Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History From the First Humans to the Vikings
3 The narrow focus has excluded other, equally important questions. The precise legal sense of the term (if it has one) has been privileged over its meanings in other contexts and the usage of later authors such as Cicero and Livy has been valued only in so far as it can be used to reconstruct earlier usage. This chapter treats the discourse of the Late Republic and the Principate as a subject in its own right. It also shows that most surviving texts do not use the label socii as precisely as a jurist might – but that we can still draw important conclusions about how and why it is used.
Cf. Nerva’s boast, VEHICVLATIONE ITALIAE REMISSA (Smallwood NTH 30). See further Millar 1986 pp. 382–3. Mitchell 1976 p. 128 n. 145. See Rathbone 1996, Duncan-Jones 1994 pp. 33–4, Hopkins 1980 pp. 116–20 and Frank 1933–40 v chs. 1–3 on imperial expenditure. The evidence for a special relationship between the emperors and Italy is discussed by Patterson 2002, Purcell 2000, Brunt 1990 pp. 515–17, Millar 1986 and Eck 1979. Like many premodern societies, the Roman state relied on brutal and spectacular punishments to protect the community from criminals and outsiders.
3), uictor gentium populus (Flor. 3), populus gentium uictor orbisque possessor (ibid. 2), regum et gentium arbiter populus (ibid. 7), Romani gentium domini (ibid. 14). gens Romana: Varro’s De gente populi Romani, Verg. Aen. 33 (tantae molis erat Romanam condere gentem, a ringing line in a seminal text; cf Quint. Inst. 12, Sen. Controv. 3, Val. Max. 23, Ov. Fast. 687, Luc. 1014, Suet. Claud. 3, Fronto De bello Parthico 1. The role of ethnicity in Roman discourses of identity, too often ignored amid claims that being ‘Roman’ was a political or juridical identity, has recently been re-emphasised by Farney 2007 and Dench 2005 (esp.
Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History From the First Humans to the Vikings by T. Douglas Price