By Marc Bekoff
Why do animals play? Play has been defined in animals as diversified as reptiles, birds and mammals, so what merits does it supply and the way did it evolve? cautious, quantitative stories of social, locomotor and item play habit at the moment are starting to solution those questions and make clear many different facets of either animal and human habit. This specific interdisciplinary quantity brings jointly the foremost findings approximately play in a variety of species together with people. themes approximately play contain the evolutionary background of play, play constitution, functionality and improvement, and intercourse and person ameliorations. Animal Play is destined to develop into the benchmark quantity during this topic for a few years to return, and should offer a resource of proposal and realizing for college students and researchers in behavioral biology, neurobiology, psychology and anthropology.
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Additional resources for Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative and Ecological Perspectives
Nelsoni we observed was wild-caught and about five months old. It displayed briefly to a piece of dried dog food in the water before biting it. Cagle (1955) observed a much younger (35 day old) P. concinna suwanniensis displaying to a snail before eating it. One of the laboratory reared P. nelsoni in this study, when about one years old, displayed to a live cricket before eating it. Petranka & Phillipi (1978) saw titillation to inanimate objects in P. concinna and P. floridana. D. Jackson (pers.
1986. Field studies on a freshwater Florida turtle, Pseudemys nelsoni. In Behavioral Ecology and Population Biology (ed. L. C. Drickamer), pp. 29-34. C. Toulouse. Kramer, M. 1989. Individual discrimination of in juveniles of the turtles, Pseudemys nelsoni and Pseudemysfloridana(Chelonia, Emydidae). BioL Behav, 14, 148-56. The evolutionary origins of play revisited 25 Kramer M. & Burghardt. G. M. (1998). Precocious courtship and play in emydid turtles. Ethology, 104, 38-56. Kramer, M. & Fritz, U.
Mus. Natur. , 186(1), 1-101. Mitchell, R. W. & Thompson, N. S. 1991. Projects, routines and enticements in dog-human play. Pers. Ethol, 9, 189-216. Ortega, J. C. & Bekoff, M. 1987. Avian play: comparative evolutionary and developmental trends. Auk, 104, 338-41. Pagel, M. 1994. Detecting correlated evolution on phylogenies: a general method for the comparative analysis of discrete characters. Proc. R. Soc. Lond, B 255, 37^5. Pellis, S. M. 1993. Sex and the evolution of play fighting: A review and model based on the behavior of muroid rodents.
Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative and Ecological Perspectives by Marc Bekoff