The unheard of significance of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill offers major demanding situations for oil spill responders and people tasked with assessing the affects of the spill. comparing adjustments to atmosphere services—the advantages humans obtain from usual assets and processes—caused through the oil spill might extend the capability to trap and price the entire breadth of affects to the atmosphere and the general public. This document assesses the equipment and metrics which could support scientists successfully overview environment prone.
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Extra info for Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report (2011)
What long-term research activities and observational systems are needed to understand, monitor, and value trends and variations in ecosystem services and to allow the calculation of indices to compare with benchmark levels as recovery goals for ecosystem services in the GoM? ecosystem services provided by the GoM LME and thus we will frame our responses within that context. We also acknowledge that there is a number of human health issues associated with the DWH event, but we will not address them, as they are specifically the subject of an Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2010 letter report: Research Priorities for Assessing Health Effects from the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill (Institute of Medicine, 2010).
The oscillatory nature of waves, however, might also cause pollutants to be returned when the current reverses direction. , 2010). Currents driven by astronomical tides in the deepwater Gulf are weak in amplitude with small spatial changes in phase (Reid and Whitaker, 1981). Typical currents in deepwater are less than 2 cm s–1. , 2005). Despite the weak mean winds, the Gulf is subjected to strong storm winds. During hurricanes, currents on the order of 2 m s–1 can be generated over the mixed layer for a few hours.
The Gulf of Mexico has recently been estimated to contain in excess of 15,000 species exclusive of microbes (Felder and Camp, 2010). Ecosystem function: A process that takes place in an ecosystem as a result of the interactions of plants, animals, microorganisms, and their environment. Primary production, most notably the generation of plant material, is an example of an ecosystem function (NRC, 2005a). All recognized coastal and oceanic ecosystem functions operate in the Gulf of Mexico. , 2002, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005; NRC, 2005a; EPA, 2009; TEEB, 2009).
Approaches for Ecosystem Services Valuation for the Gulf of Mexico After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Interim Report (2011)