By Werner Stumm
Aquatic Chemistry An creation Emphasizing Chemical Equilibria in typical Waters moment variation Edited via Werner Stumm and James J. Morgan This moment version of the popular vintage unites innovations, functions, and methods with the transforming into quantities of information within the box. multiplied remedy is available on steady-state and dynamic types utilizing mass-balance methods and kinetic details. New chapters deal with such issues as: environmental points of aquatic chemistry; new fabric on natural compounds in normal water platforms; using solid and radioactive isotopes in chemical and actual techniques; the newest advances in marine chemistry; solid-solution interface; kinetic issues of equilibria; metal-ligand interactions; and an improved compilation of thermodynamic information for vital reactions in traditional water structures. 1981 (0 471-04831-3) textile 780 pp. (0 471-09173-1) Paper Chemical procedures in Lakes Edited by way of Werner Stumm it is a multidisciplinary research of contemporary study at the actual, chemical, and organic methods in aquatic platforms. assurance comprises: distribution of parts and compounds in water and sediments; sedimentation and sediment accumulation of food and toxins; eurtophication and acidification; atmospheric deposition; redox-related geochemistry and sediment-water alternate of nutrition and metals; sediment relationship and paleolimnology; and steady-state and dynamic versions. so much chapters specialize in the function of organic procedures and the coupling of elemental cycles via organisms. 1985 (0 471-88261-5) 435 pp. rules of Aquatic Chemistry François M. M. Morel here's a quantitative therapy of the chemical ideas that govern the composition of traditional waters. beneficial properties contain an in-depth exam of using conservation rules in chemical structures, a overview of thermodynamic and kinetic rules appropriate to aquatic structures, and a unique presentation of a scientific technique for equilibrium calculations. specific insurance is equipped with regards to aquatic chemistry, following the normal divisions of acid-base, precipitation-dissolution, coordination, redox and floor reactions. 1983 (0 471-08683-5) 446 pp.
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Additional info for Aquatic Chemical Kinetics Reaction Rates of Processes in Natural Waters
In order to explore the surface charge on mineral surfaces and electrostatic effects, it is necessary to assign a stoichiometry to surface sites. A uniform surface is often postulated, where differences among sites are assumed to arise from differences in stoichiometry. Although this is a simplistic approach, it must suffice until more detailed information is available. In the absence of other specifically adsorbable ions, surface charge arises from the adsorption of protons and hydroxide ions.
The general approach of separating the relevant environmental factors and the chemical constants can be applied in each of these cases. For example, the environmental factors controlling the hydrolysis rates are often the activities of H + , OH - , or transition-metal species. Detailed formulations of such hydrolytric reactions occurring in homogeneous solutions have recently been reviewed by Mill and Mabey (1986) and are discussed considering environmental processes by Schwarzenbach and Gschwend (Chapter 7, this volume) and Hoffmann (Chapter 3, this volume).
Driving forces. Many such reactions are discussed in this and other chapters of this volume. The general approach of separating the relevant environmental factors and the chemical constants can be applied in each of these cases. For example, the environmental factors controlling the hydrolysis rates are often the activities of H + , OH - , or transition-metal species. Detailed formulations of such hydrolytric reactions occurring in homogeneous solutions have recently been reviewed by Mill and Mabey (1986) and are discussed considering environmental processes by Schwarzenbach and Gschwend (Chapter 7, this volume) and Hoffmann (Chapter 3, this volume).
Aquatic Chemical Kinetics Reaction Rates of Processes in Natural Waters by Werner Stumm