By Mercedes Rubio
Thomas Aquinas wrote a textual content later referred to as Quaestio de attributis and ordered it inserted in an exact place of his Commentary at the Sentences of Peter Lombard more than a decade after composing this paintings. Aquinas assigned extraordinary significance to this article, within which he confronts the controversy at the factor of the divine attributes that swept an important centres of studying in 13th Century Europe and examines the solutions given to the matter by means of the representatives of the 4 mainstream colleges of his time: the Greek mystic Dionysius Areopagita, the Latin Saint Anselm of Canterbury, the Jewish rabbi Moses Maimonides and the Muslim thinker Ibn Sina.
This in-depth learn of Thomas Aquinas’ Quaestio de attributis (In I Sent., d. 2, q. 1, a. three) binds jointly the findings of earlier learn at the exact heritage of this article via reconstructing the historic situations surrounding its composition, exhibits that the Quaestio contains Aquinas’ ultimate solution to the dispute at the divine attributes, and punctiliously examines his interpretation of Maimonides’ place at the factor of the data of God by way of analysing this and different texts regarding it chronologically and doctrinally. The exam of the Quaestio reveals the history of Thomas Aquinas’ renewed curiosity in Maimonides’ place at the factor and brings to gentle parts of Aquinas’ interpretation which are absent from his previous references to Maimonides. in addition, the chronological and doctrinal connection of the Quaestio de attributis to different Thomistic works with particular references to Maimonides permits a reconstruction of his complete method of Maimonides’ instructing at the hazard and quantity of the data of God within the Guide of the puzzled and highlights where of Maimonides’ philosophical teachings in Thomas’ personal idea in concerns like "Being" because the right identify of God, the multiplicity of the divine names, the beatific imaginative and prescient within the afterlife, the factors that hinder the guideline of the multitude in divine concerns and the function of religion and prophecy within the acquisition of the real wisdom of God during this existence. The final bankruptcy examines the explanations at the back of Aquinas’ silencing of Maimonides’ identify whilst introducing his Five methods for the data of the lifestyles of God, even with the obtrusive relation among those and Maimonides’ Four Speculations. The research is finished with an intensive appendix that incorporates the textual content of the Quaestio de attributis with an English translation and the severe version of a number of chapters of the 13th Century Latin translation of the Guide of the confused known as Dux neutrorum
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Extra info for Aquinas and Maimonides on the possibility of the knowledge of God: An examination of the quaestio de attributis
The third inquires whether the rationes of the divine attributes are in God and the reasons for it. Finally, the fourth answers the question about the presence of their multiplicity in God. Aquinas’ definition of the ratio in this place is similar to that in the Responsio de 108 articulis: the ratio is the intellectual apprehension of the signification of any given term. In the case of things that can be defined, the ratio is expressed by the definition, as the intentional reference of the concept to the real thing apprehended.
If the notion in the intellect cannot be assimilated to the real thing, then it is not a true notion of that thing and the apprehension of the intellect would be false. 62 Finally, all the perfections apply to the divine essence, but this does not justify their being reduced to one as the divine essence is one because each one expresses something different about the divine perfection. God is necessarily the foundation of all the true conceptions of the intellect about Him just as his being is also the foundation of all the created beings.
D. 2, q. 1 Aquinas’ original distinction 2 begins the reflection on the nature of God, with the description, in article 1, of the divine DISPUTE ON THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES 29 essence as the unique origin of everything and a detailed explanation of the divine unity. Article 2 confronts the question of the compatibility of a plurality of attributes in God with that unity. The second part of the distinction (a. 3 and a. 4 before the insertion of the Quaestio de attributis) is devoted to the divine Persons.
Aquinas and Maimonides on the possibility of the knowledge of God: An examination of the quaestio de attributis by Mercedes Rubio