By Elizabeth Shepherd
Records have the aptitude to alter people's lives. they're 'a basic bulwark of our democracy, our tradition, our group and private identification' (National Council of Archives). they're created to permit the behavior of industrial and aid responsibility, yet additionally they meet the calls for of a democratic society's expectancies for transparency and the safety of rights. they're the uncooked fabric of our heritage and reminiscence. Archivists and files managers are the pros liable for making sure that those traits are safe and exploited for the general public reliable. This e-book seeks to appreciate how documents and archivists in England constructed in the course of the twentieth century. the writer examines the political and legislative context, analyzes how archival associations constructed in neighborhood and significant executive, and in companies and universities, and discusses the expansion of the archival career through formal societies and schooling and coaching. even if the e-book specializes in twentieth century England, advancements are traced from the general public checklist workplace Act in 1838 via to the formation of The nationwide information in 2003. additionally, the writer in short discusses the comparative improvement of files in continental Europe, the united states, Canada and Australia, thereby offering a context for the historical past of English documents.
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The publications of these researchers marked a distinctive Australian contribution to the profession. 25 K. Anderson, ‘Distance Learning: A New Approach to Archival Education’, Archives and Manuscripts, 23:1 (1995): 48–59; S. McKemmish, M. Piggott, B. Reed and F. Upward, eds, Archives: Recordkeeping in Society (New South Wales: Charles Sturt University, 2005). Introduction 19 The role of research and writing, a natural activity for many scholarly archivists in North America and in Australia, was enhanced and supported by educational developments, and many excellent contributions to the theory and methodology of archival practice emerged from the USA, Canada and Australia towards the end of the twentieth century.
Gibbney and A. Horton, ‘Thirty Years of Archives and Manuscripts’, Archives and Manuscripts, 13:2 (1985): 111–115; M. Saclier, ‘Ten Years of the Australian Society of Archivists’, Archives and Manuscripts, 13:2 (1985): 145–147; B. Berzins, ‘The Australian Council of Archives’, Archives and Manuscripts, 20:1 (1992): 51–56; E. Ketelaar, ‘Transaustralian Archives and Manuscripts’, Archives and Manuscripts, 33:2 (2005): 14–17. 18 Archives and Archivists in 20th Century England the record series and encouraging research into the changing role of the archivist, the influence of postmodernism on the profession and the development of the records continuum.
Some legislation has had an effect on records and archives, even though that was not its main object. For instance, there were specific requirements for tithe and manorial records under the Tithe Act 1936 and Law of Property Acts 1922 and 1924. Freedom of Information and data protection measures were introduced by 2000 for all public authorities. uk/action/taskforce/atf_background. asp>, accessed 30/04/03. 22 Archives and Archivists in 20th Century England This disparate system, lacking any uniformity, can be traced back at least as far as the Record Commissions which were appointed between 1800 and 1831.
Archives and Archivists in 20th Century England by Elizabeth Shepherd